There are only 13 USA Cycling-recognized varsity teams in the United States. Unlike cycling clubs, these teams are headed by licensed USA Cycling coaches and receive more funding from their respective schools. Not all have scholarships, but many do.
Varsity Cycling Requirements
Cycling teams that want to be recognized as varsity programs by USA Cycling must meet at least three of the following criteria:
- Awards no less than $10,000 in athlete scholarships annually
- Team shoulders entry fees of most collegiate races
- Participates in at least two USA Cycling Collegiate National Championships annually
- Recognized as a varsity program by the school
Brevard College, Brevard, North Carolina
The Brevard College cycling team meets all four of the criteria set by USA Cycling. It is headed by Coach Brian Sheedy. It participates in Division II athletics.
Colorado Mesa University, Grand Junction, Colorado
The Colorado Mesa Mavericks cycling team offers scholarships to its athletes, takes care of race entry fees and has participated in numerous national championships. It is headed by Coach Rick Crawford and participates in Division I athletics.
Cumberland University, Lebanon, Tennessee
Just like Brevard college, Cumberland University’s cycling team also meets all four of USA Cycling’s requirements. It is headed by Coach Tim Hall and competes in Division I athletics.
Fort Lewis College, Fort Lewis, Colorado
The Fort Lewis College cycling team, just like the Colorado Mesa University team, hands out scholarships, shoulders race entry fees and has competed in several national championships. It is headed by Coach Dave Hagen and participates in Division I athletics.
King College, Bristol, Tennessee
King College’s cycling team is officially recognized by the school as a varsity team. It also awards scholarships and pays for race entry fees. It is headed by Coach Dan Kreiss and competes in Division II athletics.
Lees-McRae College, Banner Elk, North Carolina
The Lees-McRae College cycling team meets all four USA Cycling requirements. It is headed by Coach Luke Winger and competes in Division I athletics.
Lindenwood University, Grover, Missouri
Lindenwood University’s cycling team also meets all the requirements to be considered an official varsity cycling team. It is headed by Coach Chris Mileski and participates in Division I athletics.
Lindsey-Wilson College, Columbia, Kentucky
The Lindsey Wilson College cycling team meets all four requirements and is headed by Coach David Grigsby. It competes in Division I athletics.
Marian University, Indianapolis, Indiana
The Marian University cycling team also meets all the USA Cycling requirements. It is headed by Coach Dean Peterson and participates in Division I athletics.
Mars Hill College, Mars Hill, North Carolina
Mars Hill College’s cycling team has participated in numerous national championships. It grants scholarships to its athletes and takes care of race entry fees. It is headed by Coach Hugh Moran and competes in Division II athletics.
Midwestern State University, Wichita Falls, Texas
The Midwestern State University cycling team takes care of race entry fees and has competed in several national championships. It also awards scholarships to its athletes. The program is headed by Coach Charlie Zamastil. The team competes in Division I athletics.
Ripon College, Ripon, Wisconsin
The Ripon College cycling team is recognized by the school as an official varsity team. It takes care of race entry fees and has competed in several national championships. The program is headed by Coach Ric Damm. The team participates in Division II athletics.
Virginia Intermont College, Bristol, Virginia
Finally, Virgina Intermont College’s cycling team meets the exact same criteria as Ripon College. It is headed by Coach Dwayne Letterman and competes in Division II athletics.
We sell mountain bikes all over the world to many demographics of riders, many who are seasoned racers competing at the highest level and many are just getting into the sport. While we love all of our customers, some of our favorite people to work with are those protecting us day in and day out, our police forces. We have outfitted many police units from Chicago to Moab, UT and many in between. Most recently we were able to help the Orem, Utah police force who are right here in our own backyard. The new bike unit puts in many miles to protect and keep our communities safe. Here is a great story about the Orem, UT police force patrolling the popular Provo Canyon River Trail right in out backyard. Who knows, maybe we will see these officers in the new Pacific Blue TV series.
As promised, here are some more awesome places to check out during your ride around the Delaware River Heritage Trail:
The lower part of the building used to be a toll house for what was then an old suspension bridge across the Delaware River. The bridge was demolished by an ice gorge just a couple of years after it opened in 1872 but was replaced by a couple of others later on. The current bridge has been in operation since 1939.
The other parts of the property used to be called Kirk’s Grove, a popular picnic and concert area back in the day. Today, however, the place is most famous for Flo-Jean’s restaurant.
This city-owned park features sports, boating and fishing facilities. Once home to the Erie Railroad, parts of the area remain covered with cinders left behind by steam engines. Other sections of the area used to serve as cattle pens, eventually earning the park the nickname “The Stockyards”.
Port Jervis Erie Depot
If you head left from the Riverside Park entrance, just across the tracks, you’ll find this huge red brick building topped with a gray roof. Built in 1892, the depot was used for passenger service for over eight decades. It eventually shut down due to the decline of railroad operations but was restored through the combined efforts of the Port Jervis Development Corporation, the Depot Preservation Society and the Minisink Valley Historical Society. It housed a museum from 1989 to 2002. It is now being run by two developers.
You can view this large ledge in the river from the dike in Riverside Park. “Sim” is short for “Simon Westfall”, the owner of the circa 1740 stone house located just southwest of the ledge in Matamoras, Pennsylvania. It is famous for having served as home to representatives of the Royal Commission of 1769 while they were discussing the termination point of the boundary line between New York and New Jersey.
Erie Railroad Main Line
The railroad bed along a section of the trail in Riverside Park is still being used by both passenger and freight trains today. It managed to survive the decline of railroad operations caused by the advent of diesel engines and the interstate highway system coupled with the increased usage of trucks for shipping.
Let us take a break. Come back soon for the third installment of this series.
This 51-mile multi-use trail provides visitors a calm and scenic escape from the busy city life. Each season creates a unique landscape so you can enjoy a different adventure depending on the time of year.
History of the railway
A group of businessmen from Lawrence pushed for the construction of a railroad to the Gulf of Mexico in 1858, forming the Leavenworth, Lawrence & Fort Gibson Railroad Company (LL&G RR Co.) in the same year. It was not until 1867, however, that the project was actually started.
The section that goes to Ottawa was completed on New Year’s Day the following year. After a short break, construction resumed about a year later, finishing the section that goes to Coffeyville in 1871. A total of 143.83 miles of track has been laid out by this time.
By 1875, however, the LL&G RR Co. ended up in receivership and was eventually sold under foreclosure about three years later in 1878. The company was renamed to Leavenworth, Lawrence & Galveston Railroad Company the same year, only to be renamed again to Kansas City, Lawrence and Southern just a year later.
In 1880, the rapidly expanding Santa Fe Railroad took control of the company but let it operate under the Kansas City, Lawrence and Southern Railroad Company. By December of the same year, the company was consolidated under the Southern Kansas Railroad Company name together with the Ottawa & Burlington Railroad and the Kansas City & Olanthe Railroad.
Around two years later, the new company was renamed to Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway Company—a name it would keep until the mid 1970s.
The trail today
Bikers and hikers alike are treated to a relaxing journey through nature. Towering oak, cottonwood, redbud, sycamore, hickory, cedar and hazelnut trees line several sections of the trail. The steep banks are decorated with dewberries and blackberries. The remaining sections feature thick masses of colorful wildflowers such as May apple, Queen Anne’s lace, Dutchman’s breeches, ox-eye daisies, butterfly milkweed and wild Kansas sunflowers.
Of course, there are a lot of animals as well. Cottontail rabbits can be found darting playfully all around the trail. There are also wild turkeys, white-tailed deer, fox squirrels, quail and great horned owls. On top of the trees, various kinds of songbirds provide a soothing soundtrack to make your journey much more tranquil. Finally, you can see ducks playfully splashing around the various lakes and ponds around the area.
The famed six-mile trail was built to take residents, tourists, hikers and bikers on a journey through the city’s river vistas and historic sites.
The official trailhead can be found at Fort Decker on West Main Street. From there, the trail goes right, taking you to Ferry Street. Once on Ferry Street, it turns left at River Road and takes you all the way to Water Street. From there, it turns left at Pike Street. It turns left once again and right at King Street. Once on King Street, it makes a loop around Riverside Park, passing the ball field and dike along the way.
From the park, the trail will take you back to Pike Street via King Street and then lead you right to the underpass. It then loops back around and turns left at Front Street, taking you all the way to East Main Street. Once you reach East Main Street, the trail will turn right at South Street, leading you to the west entrance of Delaware Drive and the Laurel Grove Cemetery.
From Delaware Drive, the trail then heads on over to Tri-States Rock, the junction where New Jersey, Pennsylvania and New York meet. From here, it exits Laurel Grove Cemetery via Neversink Road, taking you back to East Main Street. From East Main Street, it turns left at Sussex Street and right at Broome Street, where it passes through Orange Square and crosses Pike Street. It then goes to Canal Street, turns right at the first block and left at West Main Street. From here, you can make your way back to the official trailhead at Fort Decker.
Fort Decker Museum of History
Originally built in 1760, the stone house found on the trail’s official trailhead was burnt down during the Revolutionary War in 1779. It was rebuilt in 1793 and served as a hotel, tavern and private residence since then before it was developed into a museum in 1970.
Railroad Bridge Pier
This stone pier in the middle of the river is the only thing that remains of a late 19th century railroad bridge that was built to connect Matamoras and Milford in Pennsylvania to the Erie Main Line and Port Jervis. The bridge was eventually destroyed by strong river currents.
Stay tuned for part two where we will talk about all the other great places to see along the trail.
The Park City area is an awesome skiing spot during winter and home to over 150 miles of great hiking and biking trails during summer. Let’s take a look.
This 4.5-mile trail is perfect for beginners. The roads are pretty level throughout except for a very short ascend near the trailhead—which should not be a problem as well for any healthy person. This allows bikers to focus on admiring the lush and fragrant forests that the trail passes through. There are also campsites and picnic areas for people who want to take a break along the way.
Now, if you are looking for a slightly bigger adventure, then you can easily move to the more advanced Taylor Fork-Cedar Hollow ATV Trail system, which the Beaver Creek Trail is a part of.
Deer Valley Resort
Named as one of the top 10 mountain bike destinations by Mountain Bike Action magazine, Deer Valley Resort is famous for its chairlift facilities, which allow bikers to climb the mountain with ease and choose from a wide range of exciting trail options once on top.
The resort also offers bike rentals and lessons throughout the area so it is perfect for beginners who are just getting into the sport and have yet to purchase their own gear.
This 8.4-mile trail provides a relatively easy ride through three ecosystems: bitterbrush and sagebrush, bottomland and sedges, and oak and maple. More experienced bikers can easily finish the entire loop in about an hour. If you are looking for a slightly shorter ride, however, you can just take the cutoff trail that splits the loop in two.
High Meadow Loop
This single track trail passes through pine, fir and aspen forests. It is rated as having moderate difficulty so beginners should still be able to handle it.
The trail ends at the Red Pine Lodge.
Now, the term “downhill” may lead you into thinking that this 4-mile trail is a piece of cake. Unfortunately, it is rated as having extreme difficulty so if you are a beginner, then it is best to stay away until you gain more experience on easier trails.
For more experienced bikers, on the other hand, this trail is a great alternate route to take if you want to go down from the mid mountain trail.
Let’s take a break for now. Stay tuned for more awesome Park City area trails in part 2! Which Park City mountain bike trails are your favorite?
Check out our Guide to Great Glen’s Trail.
Cramps: What We Know About Prevention
The two primary culprits for cramps appear to be fitness and hydration status.
Fatigue Induced Cramps
Fatigue cramps are the most prevelant types of cramps. They are essentially the consequence of a muscle hitting a point of exhaustion and going into a hyper-excitability state due to aberrant brain-muscle communication.
Have you ever noticed that your muscles seem to cramp only at the worst times, such as during a race? This is most likely to be fatigue cramps, and an indicator that you are missing out on an important aspect of training. That aspect is typically race intensity training.
For those that follow my blog, you know I am a fan of base building using your heart rate for monitoring. This type of training helps prevent injury and results in improvements in “aerobic speed” (see post on heart rate monitoring), which is important to becoming faster over longer distances. I put myself through an experiment prior to last season where I didn’t do anything but heart rate training for several months leading up to the race season. The results? I was a much faster triathlete all season despite not ever doing speed work, but I did have cramping issues during races.
As race season approaches, it is important that you mix in race-effort intensity into your training. If you don’t, you are asking for a bonk, muscle fatigue, and fatigue cramps. A race is generally not the time to introduce your muscles to a new level of intensity. That doesn’t mean you should go out and cook yourself each workout. But, it does mean your body should at least be adapted to the intensity level. Typically, 1-2 days per week of intervaled race intensity work is enough. Anymore, and you risk over-training (see my blog on cumulative stress and over-training syndrome).
Try mixing in these workouts into your routine (for a 70.3 or Half-Ironman distance triathlon):
Key Interval Run Off Bike:
Spin easy on trainer or flat outdoor route for 60 minutes, then do a 1:15 – 1:30 run off the bike with the following sets (4 x 10 minutes at 10 seconds below goal race pace with 5 minute recovery run between sets. Follow this with 5 x 3 minutes at 20 seconds below goal race pace with 2 minute recovery run between).
Key Interval Bike With Short Run Off Bike
On your long ride day, mix in 5-8 sets of 10 minutes at your race pace with 2-3 minutes rest between sets. End the bike with a 20 minute time trial. Do a short, easy effort 20 minute run off the bike.
Drink a protein shake or recovery shake immediately after these workouts. Here is my favorite recovery shake:
1 TBSP Honey
2 Level Scoops Hammer Nutrition Recoverite (chocolate!)
2 Cups Vanilla Almond Milk (Coconut Milk or Regular Milk can be subsituted)
4 Ice Cubes
Make sure you follow this workout with a low intensity day the following day, such as a long easy/moderate swim. Putting your muscles and joints through that intensity requires recovery.
Hydration and Cramps
Both dehydration and over-hydration can cause cramps. Both result in a loss of electrolytes. There are several different opinions on proper hydration leading up to a race. Because of variable sweat and water loss rates among individuals, it is very difficult to give specific recommendations on how much fluid to take in leading up to a race.
I generally simply recommend monitoring your urine color. Prior to the start of the race, your urine should be relatively clear and colorless. During the race, I subscribe to the 1 bottle per hour during the bike with electrolytes every other bottle as a starting point. During the run, grab something every aid station for an Ironman and at least every other aid station during a 70.3 as a starting point. If conditions are hot and humid, or you are at higher altitudes, or you have a higher than normal sweat rate, you may want to increase your fluid intake during the race. But, don’t overdo it. If water is sloshing around your gut, slow the fluid intake down.
Proper hydration can be made more complex than the above if you so desire. I generally choose to keep it simple, as there isn’t a lot of research showing the more complex methods result in better outcomes. This is where experimenting during training can make all the difference. Train in all types of conditions and experiment with different intakes.
If you are planning a nice bike getaway with your family, then this is the place for you. Great Glen’s carriage roads are perfect for this purpose. The well-marked and paved routes will give you and your family the opportunity to explore the forest, ride through breathtaking meadows, pass beautiful rivers and stop to admire the great Mt. Washington.
If you are looking for a more challenging adventure, on the other hand, then simply make your way through the woods and head on over to Great Glen’s system of single track trails. There are many long loops and challenging sections to choose from. And with trails called Outback, Plunge and Whiplash, you just know that you are in for an exciting ride.
Pump what? A pump track is simply a series of rollers and berms arranged in a continuous loop. This type of track design allows you to keep moving without pedaling. It can be a bit challenging at first, but it is a lot of fun once you master it. You can even get your friends to join in and see who can last the longest without stopping.
Great Glen’s pump track is located just below the Glen Meadows Slice. It is right before intersection number five.
If you are looking to take your riding skills to the next level, Great Glen has got you covered in that regard as well. Just sign up for personalized mountain bike lessons and learn all sorts of new techniques and refine you current skill sets. Are you, for example, having trouble climbing or going down single track trails? The instructors at Great Glen can help you with it. Do you want to refine your transition technique? They can do that too. And, as a bonus, they can also help you learn about various training techniques and offer fitness tips that would help you conquer rides of all lengths and levels of difficulty.
But wait, there’s more! If you have been thinking of joining the 24 Hours of Great Glen, then these lessons can easily be customized to help you better prepare for it. Your instructor can take you out on the actual track for a practice run so you know what to expect come race day.
For those who are not familiar, the 24 Hours of Great Glen is, as the name implies, a 24-hour annual bike race that is held during the weekend-long Pinkham Notch, NH mountain bike festival.